i.- Crisis within the GATT;
ii.- U.S.A changes trade policy from multilateralism to regionalism: NAFTA / FTAA;
iii.- First Successes of Mercosul:
a.- Evolution of Trade (20% less in 1st semester of 1999);
b.- Exclusionary Trade or Possible Trade (58% Agriculture).
a.- Intrinsic Fiscal Weakness;
b.- Exchange Regime;
c.- Adverse International Situation.
a.- losers and winners
(36% 64% WB);
b.- Investments; Agriculture; Dumping; Subsidies; Rules; Dispute Resolution System.
i.- The Real Plan, characteristics:
b.- Lack of fiscal adjustment.
ii.- The Real Plan Effects
b.- loss of international competitiveness;
e.- lower inflation;
f.- greater investments targeting domestic markets;
g.- erosion of domestic currency;
h.- social crisis.
i.- Investment Diversion;
ii.- Economic Discrepancies;
iii.- Currencies and Exchange;
iv.- Troubled sectors: sugar; cars; paper; textiles; poultry; shoes; steel.
i.- The WTO and the involution of trade.
ii.- the Millenium Round.
a.- Social Dumping;
b.- The Multilateral Agreement on Investments;
d.- Government purchases;
e.- Electronic Trade;
g.- Genetically modified foods.
Lawyer admitted in Brazil, England and Wales and Portugal. GATT and WTO panelist. Brazilian government ad-hoc representative for the Uruguay Round of the GATT. Post-graduation professor of the law of international trade.