Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is for me a great satisfaction to present at the Brazilian Embassy the book of Dr. Durval de Noronha Goyos Junior, a study about the campaign of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) for the liberation of Italy during the Second World War. The memory of this episode is only strengthened by the launching of a book as interesting as this, just as we celebrate 70 years of the arrival of the FEB at the port of Napoli.
With this initiative, the Brazilian Embassy seeks to preserve the historical memory and broaden the Italian public’s knowledge as to the participation of Brazil in the Second World War. In fact, except for the regions in which the Brazilian Army fought, this participation is still very little known in Italy. Nevertheless, at the ceremonies where the Brazilian soldiers were honoured in which I have been present as Ambassador to Italy, I have found myself very impressed to see the affection that the Italians of those areas still have today for the Brazilian “pracinhas”.
In successive stages, around 25 thousand Brazilian soldiers arrived in Italy to combat the Axis together with the Allied forces and fighting side by side with the Italian resistance. Many sacrificed their own lives to liberate regions like Pistoia, Staffoli, Porretta Terme, Gaggio Montano, Pianoro, Montese, Zocca, Castelnuovo, Coolecchio, and others.
Besides the familiar and cultural connections already consolidated due to the Italian immigration to Brazil, the presence of the Brazilian troops in the Italian war scenario has symbolized one of the strongest points of the friendship between these two peoples that saw their relationship become even stronger because of the conflict.
I thank you, Dr. Durval de Noronha Goyos Junior, for keeping alive the memory of our valuable soldiers.
I will finish my speech thanking all of you for kindly being here and invite you for a glass of wine at the galleria Cortona at the end of the presentation.
I have the pleasure now to offer the floor to the Sub-Secretario Mario Giro, who will be followed by the Author.
Words from Mr. Mario Giro, Republic of Italy’s Sub-Secretariat of State for Foreign Affairs, on the occasion of the launch of book “The Campaign of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force for the Liberation of Italy” at the Brazilian Embassy in the city of Rome, 15 October 2014.
I thank you Ambassador for the invitation to present this book.
As a member of the government – but first of all as an Italian citizen – I cannot fail to remember – and to be thankful – for the efforts that Brazil made when sending to Italy 25 thousand soldiers of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force – FEB – in those difficult years of our history. With its 2500 dead, Brazil has given an important contribution to liberate an area crucial from the military point of view. It is possible to affirm that this was not a mere symbolic contribution.
On July 1944, along with the FEB, there arrived in Italy names that would have an important role in Brazil, such as the great intellectual and economist Celso (Selso) Furtado, and the brilliant writer Clarisse Lispector. Since September of the same year the Brazilian soldiers took part in a military operation that made way for the passage of the Anglo-Americans through the Apennines towards the Northeast. As the Ambassador previously remembered, in Massarosa, Monte Plano, At the Serchio valley, in Camaiore, Collecchio, Castelnuovo di Vergata and Monte Castello, the Brazilians had to face ruthless temperatures, under 20 degrees, and they did it with courage and dedication. It was the Brazil of Getulio Vargas, of the Estado Novo, an era the ended in 1945. That Brazil has made a contribution to the construction of our democratic and plural Republic. This is a page of history of both countries that must never be forgotten.
In order to close, I must remember that Italy has given its contribution in the construction of a new and democratic Brazil, while sheltering many Brazilian citizens exiled during the military regime that governed Brazil for another 20 years. And it’s been a few days since the news of the Condor operation, which had as objective the repression of political dissents.
Today, in a way still threatened by instability and wars, Italy – President at its turn of the European Union, a reality in which we have had a protagonist role from the beginning and that now represents the greatest area of peace and democracy in the World – hopes strongly that it may continue to count with Brazil, a natural leader, a natural giant (as the national anthem says), a country that is exercising democracy through popular vote in this very day, once again, with passion and vitality that are typical of the Brazilians, the country that in the distant 1944 knew how to assume its very own responsibility in the international scenario.
Lawyer admitted in Brazil, England and Wales and Portugal. GATT and WTO panelist. Brazilian government ad-hoc representative for the Uruguay Round of the GATT. Post-graduation professor of the law of international trade.